Intellectual Property:

Guide to Specific Types of Work

Copyrights protect original works that are fixed in a tangible, expressive form. Fixed words can describe stories written on paper, computer programs saved on disks or songs recorded on a tape. Works that can be copyrighted include:

  • Musical works and any accompanying words
  • Dramatic works and accompanying music
  • Literary words
  • Graphic, pictorial and sculptural works
  • Pantomimes and choreographic works
  • Motions pictures and audiovisual works
  • Architectural works
  • Sound recordings

These categories are broad. For instance, computer programs can be registered as a literary work, while architectural plans and maps can be registered under graphic, pictorial and sculptural works.