Intellectual Property:

Glossary of Terms

Berne Convention: An international treaty that gives copyright protection to foreign works.

Certificate of Registration
: An official paper indicating that a particular copyright is registered with the U.S. Copyright Office.

Copy: Other than a phonorecord, a material object where the copyrighted work is first "fixed," and from which the work can be reproduced, perceived, or communicated, directly or with the help of a device or machine.

Copyright: A form of protection provided by U.S. laws for original works including literary,  musical, dramatic, architectural, choreographic,cartographic, pictorial, pantomimic,  graphic, audiovisual and sculptural creations.  Copyright protection doesn't apply to ideas, procedures, principles, processes, titles, systems, or discoveries.

Copyright Notice
: The copyright notice includes the "c" in a circle, the name of the copyright owner and the year of first publication.

: The copy or phonorecords of an original work  that are put in the Copyright Office to support the claim to copyright or to meet the deposit requirement of the 1976 Copyright Act.

Document: A paper relating to the copyright ownership or any matter involving a copyright.

: An object in which sounds are "fixed" and from which the sounds can be reproduced, perceived, or  communicated, directly or with the help of a machine or device. A phonorecord cab include a a compact disk, cassette tape or an LP vinyl disk.

: To distribute phonorecords or copies of the work to the public by sale, transfer of ownership,  lease, rental or lending. In addition, publication includes offering to distribute copies or phonorecords to people for further distribution, public display or public performance. 

Recordation: The official filing in the Copyright Office of a document dealing with copyright, including a grant of a security interest or transfer of ownership. The recordation makes a public record of the facts in the document.

Sound Recording
: A work that results from the "fixation" of a series of spoken, musical, or other sounds.