Treatment for a Closed Head Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI):
In a closed head brain injury, surgery does not correct the problem. A bolt or ICP (intracranial pressure) monitoring device may be placed in the skull to monitor pressure in the brain cavity. If there was bleeding in the skull cavity, this may removed through surgery or it may be drained. Bleeding vessels or tissue may need to be repaired as well. In severe cases, if there is extensive brain swelling and damaged brain tissue, a portion may be surgically removed to make room for the living brain tissue.
Treatment for an Open Head Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI):
In an open head brain injury doctors are faced with the same issues as a closed head injury. However, in skull fractures may need to be repaired and damaged tissue removed as well.