Drug and other medications are often prescribed for those with cerebral palsy who suffer from seizures. They are quite successful in limiting or eliminating seizures in most patients. No single drug is effective against all types of seizures, so the specific drug prescribed is based both upon the person and the type of seizures experienced. Sometimes, multiple drugs are necessary.
Drugs can also be prescribed to control spasticity, that is, the continuous contraction of muscles which can cause damage. Medication is also effective in the treatment of abnormal movements. Furthermore, many drugs and drug therapies are under development at this time, to more effectively control or eliminate the negative effects of cerebral palsy.
It is also of note that certain types of medication can cause birth defects in infants. Below is a list of medications proven to cause birth defects:
- ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors
- Angiotensin II antagonist
- Isotretinoin (an acne drug)
- High doses of vitamin A
- Male hormones
- Some antibiotics
- Some anticonvulsant medications
- Some cancer-fighting medications
- Some drugs that treat certain rheumatic conditions
- Some thyroid medications
- The blood-thinning drug warfarin
- The hormone diethylstilbestrol (DES)