While epilepsy in brain injury patients can develop immediately following an accident, some TBI victims may not develop epilepsy for months or even years. Generally, patients with severe traumatic brain injuries have a higher chance of developing epilepsy. The most common types of seizures in brain injury patients are “generalized” seizures, also known as “Grand Mal” seizures.
Post-Traumatic Epilepsy in Brain Injury Patients
Brain injury patients are 12 times more likely than the general public to experience seizures. Approximately 53% of people who suffer a mild brain injury develop early post-traumatic epilepsy, while nearly 60% of these patients develop seizures within one year of the accident. Approximately 30% of all brain injury patients develop post-traumatic seizures; nearly 80% of these occur within two years of the TBI.
Epilepsy in brain injury victims develops because the brain injury damages pathways of the brain. This causes the electrical function of the brain to short circuit, resulting in a seizure. A doctor can diagnose epilepsy by performing an electroencephalograph (EEG), which monitors electrical activity in the brain. Approximately 80% of patients with epilepsy have abnormal EEGs.
Epilepsy can be treated with prescription medication. Because epilepsy is a dangerous condition, traumatic brain injury patients should take anti-seizure drugs as soon as possible. Many physicians will prescribe anti-seizure medications to brain injury patients simply as a precaution.
Compensation for Brain Injury Victims
Patients experiencing brain injury complications, seizures or otherwise, may struggle to afford the treatment necessary to control their condition. By filing a brain injury lawsuit, these patients can recover compensation for medical bills, as well as lost wages. If you want to know how much your brain injury claim is worth, fill out our free case review form on the right to speak to a brain injury lawyer near you.