Types of Disability

Disabilities are physical and mental impairments that reduce an individual’s ability to complete day to day tasks. Disabilities can be further separated into sub-categories, including:

Physical Disabilities: Most physical disabilities are present at birth or appear shortly thereafter. Some examples of physical disabilities include cerebral palsy and spina bifida.

Developmental Disabilities: A developmental disability is a congenital abnormality or disease that interrupts or delays growth or development. Some examples of developmental disabilities include down syndrome and Rett syndrome.

Cognitive Disabilities: Cognitive disabilities, such as autism or dementia, cause a lower than average intellectual functioning. People with severe cognitive disabilities will need help with almost every aspect of daily living. Those with minor learning disabilities may be able to function almost normally despite the disability; in these cases, the disability may never be diagnosed.

Other types of disabilities include:

  • Vision disabilities
  • Hearing disabilities
  • Psychological disorders

If you have been discriminated against because of your disability, you may be able to seek legal action. Fill out our free case evaluation form on the right to speak with a disability lawyer.