Drug crimes include the use, possession, manufacturing or distribution of drugs that have a potential for abuse, including cocaine, marijuana, heroin and amphetamines. Drugs can also be related to crime through the effects they have on the user and the violence connected with drug trafficking.
Drug-defined offenses violate laws prohibiting the possession, use, distribution or manufacturing of illegal drugs. Drug related-offenses are offenses to which a drug’s pharmacologic effects contribute; offenses motivated by the user’s need for money to continue use; and offenses connected to drug distribution.
Trafficking illicit drugs tends to be associated with violent crimes. This occurs because of competition for drug markets and customers, rip-offs and a tendency toward violence of those participating in drug trafficking.
A drug-using lifestyle occurs when the likelihood of illegal activity is increased because users may not participate in the legitimate economy and are exposed to situations that encourage crime. Federal inmates who were under the influence of drugs while they committed their crime have been accused of murder, sexual assault, robbery, assault and fraud. Inmates who committed their offense to obtain money to buy drugs have been convicted of homicide, robbery, burglary, larceny and theft.