Drug addiction is a treatable disease. It is characterized as drug craving, seeking and use that persists even when facing consequences. In order for drug treatment to be effective, several principles should form the platform for an effective drug treatment program including but not limited to the following:
- Treatment must be readily available
- No one treatment is appropriate for everyone
- Counseling and behavioral therapy should be provided
- Drug use during treatment must be monitored constantly
Medication and behavioral treatment are components of a process that begins with detoxification, treatment and relapse prevention. Medications, such as methadone and buprenorphine, can be used during treatment. Behavioral treatments are also used to modify a user’s attitudes and behaviors towards drug abuse.