- Accident and Injury Law
- Birth Injury Lawyers
- Types of Birth Injuries and Their Causes
- Brain Damage
While many other factors can cause infant brain damage, medical malpractice is one of the leading causes. When referring to pregnancy, medical malpractice occurs when a member of the medical team does not meet the standard of care before, during or after the delivery. For instance, improper use of forceps or a vacuum can serve as the basis for a birth injury lawsuit. Because these tools can cause serious brain damage to newborns, they should only be used when absolutely necessary. A doctor who applies too much force when utilizing a vacuum can cause the nerves of the spinal cord to be overly stretched or torn. In some cases, improper use of a vacuum can even lead to autism.
Causes of Infant Brain Damage
In addition to improper use of forceps or a vacuum, lack of oxygen is another leading cause of brain damage in infants. If a child suffers from a lack of blood flow to the brain for an extended period of time, their chance for brain damage increases. Because of this, mothers are instructed to undergo frequent ultrasounds to ensure the infant is receiving the oxygen it needs to survive.
Other causes of infant brain damage include:
- Delayed C-Section
- Drug Interactions or Overdose
- Failure to monitor the infant’s vital signs
While medical malpractice is a leading cause of infant brain damage, heredity is also a common cause. A certain gene passed from the parent to the child can cause brain damage. Even if the parent did not suffer from brain damage, they can still passed the dominant gene to the infant, who will therefore show signs of brain damage. When a flawed gene is passed to the child, their brain cannot develop normally.
The most common form of brain damage is cerebral palsy. It causes motor functioning and other chronic physical and cognitive impairments. While cerebral palsy can be treated, it cannot be cured. A child with cerebral palsy may having difficulties with moving, learning, hearing, seeing and thinking because of problems with brain development.
If your child was born with cerebral palsy or another form of brain damage, medical malpractice may be to blame. Victims of medical malpractice may be entitled to compensation for medical bills, pain and suffering and emotional distress. Fill out our free case evaluation form to speak with a birth injury attorney who can evaluate your claim today.