Admiralty law, also referred to as maritime law, is the body of private law, international law, and legal theory that governs maritime questions and offenses. It specifically regulates the relationships between private entities which operate vessels on the ocean.
Those that work at sea know the kinds of conditions they must live and work in every day. Admiralty and maritime laws are designed to ensure safety for workers on ships (including cruise ships), as well as ethical business practices. All commercial activity conducted at or by sea is subject to maritime and admiralty law. In this sense, it is distinguished from the "Law of the Sea," which is a body of public international law governing navigational rights, mineral rights, and jurisdiction over coastal waters. It is also separate from international laws governing relationships between nations.
Admiralty and maritime law also frequently deals with the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (LHWCA), which provides for compensation and medical care to employees disabled from injuries that occur on the navigable waters of the United States, or in adjoining areas used in loading, unloading, repairing, or building a vessel.