The least serious traffic infractions are called infractions, and, while occasionally inconvenient, are relatively inexpensive and easy to handle. Slightly more serious offenses are called misdemeanors. Misdemeanors are punishable by fine or by jail-time not exceeding one year. Specifics of both the crimes and punishments vary from state to state, but offenses that are generally misdemeanors include:
- Hit and run
- Driving without a valid license or insurance
- Reckless driving
These are treated just like non-traffic crimes. The offender is taken into custody and required to post bail. While jail-time and fines are less harsh than felonious offenses, they are still serious. A misdemeanor conviction does not affect one’s ability to vote, serve on a jury, or practice one’s profession.