All states require that motor vehicles have certain equipment and that the equipment be correctly installed and fully functional. Generally, this includes:
- All lights (headlights, taillights, brake lights, license plate lights, and turning signals)
- Mirrors (side and rearview)
- Windshield wipers
- Restraining devices (safety belts)
- Speed indicator
- Windows (windshields)
If this equipment is not installed or is malfunctioning, the driver of the vehicle can receive a traffic ticket for a mechanical violation.
Some states have “fix-it” laws for this type of correctable violation. If the officer notes that the violation is correctable, the driver has a short period of time in which he/she can provide proof of repair rather than going to court. Acceptable proof of repair results in a dismissal of the charge. Failure to fix the violation within the specified time frame results in a fine and a ticket that will be on the driver’s record.