Drug Crime:

Drug Scheduling

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies drugs into five schedules. The findings required for classification in each of the schedules are listed below.

Schedule I:

(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
(B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) There is a lack accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.

No prescriptions may be written for Schedule I substances. Examples include heroin, marijuana, and nicocodeine.

Schedule II:

(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
(B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Schedule II drugs are available only by prescription and the DEA carefully controls and monitors their distrubution. Examples include morphine, cocaine, and opium.

Schedule III:
(A) The drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Schedule III drugs are available only through prescription, and distribution is controlled less stringently than Schedule II drugs. Examples include anabolic steriods, Ketamine, and Marinol.

Schedule IV:
(A) The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.

The control measures for schedule IV drugs are similar to schedule III drugs. Examples include Xanax, Valium, and Ambien.

Schedule V:
(A) The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.
(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.

Schedule V drugs are only available for medical purposes. Examples include Lyrica, Pyrovalerone, and cough suppressants containing small amounts of codeine.

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